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Journal Articles International Ophthalmology Year : 2024

A new intelligent system based deep learning to detect DME and AMD in OCT images

Abstract

Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is widely recognized as the leading modality for assessing ocular retinal diseases, playing a crucial role in diagnosing retinopathy while maintaining a non-invasive modality. The increasing volume of OCT images underscores the growing importance of automating image analysis. Age-related diabetic Macular Degeneration (AMD) and Diabetic Macular Edema (DME) are the most common cause of visual impairment. Early detection and timely intervention for diabetes-related conditions are essential for preventing optical complications and reducing the risk of blindness. This study introduces a novel Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) system based on a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) model, aiming to identify and classify OCT retinal images into AMD, DME, and Normal classes. Leveraging CNN efficiency, including feature learning and classification, various CNN, including pre-trained VGG16, VGG19, Inception_V3, a custom from scratch model, BCNN (VGG16)2, BCNN (VGG19)2, and BCNN (Inception_V3)2, are developed for the classification of AMD, DME, and Normal OCT images. The proposed approach has been evaluated on two datasets, including a DUKE public dataset and a Tunisian private dataset. The combination of the Inception_V3 model and the extracted feature from the proposed custom CNN achieved the highest accuracy value of 99.53% in the DUKE dataset. The obtained results on DUKE public and Tunisian datasets demonstrate the proposed approach as a significant tool for efficient and automatic retinal OCT image classification.
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Dates and versions

hal-04567118 , version 1 (03-05-2024)

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Yassmine Gueddena, Noura Aboudi, Hsouna Zgolli, Sonia Mabrouk, Désiré Sidibe, et al.. A new intelligent system based deep learning to detect DME and AMD in OCT images. International Ophthalmology, 2024, 44 (1), pp.191. ⟨10.1007/s10792-024-03115-8⟩. ⟨hal-04567118⟩
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