Distributed real-time control architecture for electrohydraulic humanoid robots - Université d'Évry Access content directly
Journal Articles Robotic Intelligence and Automation Year : 2024

Distributed real-time control architecture for electrohydraulic humanoid robots

Abstract

Purpose This paper aims to develop an adaptable control architecture for electrohydraulic humanoid robots (HYDROïD) that emulate the functionality of the human nervous system. The developed control architecture overcomes the limitations of classical centralized and decentralized systems by distributing intelligence across controllers. Design/methodology/approach The proposed solution is a distributed real-time control architecture with robot operating system (ROS). The joint controllers have the intelligence to make decisions, dominate their actuators and publish their state. The real-time capabilities are ensured in the master controller by using a Preempt-RT kernel beside open robot control software middleware to operate the real-time tasks and in the customized joint controllers by free real-time operating systems firmware. Systems can be either centralized, where all components are connected to a central unit or decentralized, where distributed units act as interfaces between the I/Os and the master controller when the master controller is without the ability to make decisions. Findings The proposed architecture establishes a versatile and adaptive control framework. It features a centralized hardware topology with a master PC and distributed joint controllers, while the software architecture adapts based on the task. It operates in a distributed manner for precise, force-independent motions and in a decentralized manner for tasks requiring compliance and force control. This design enables the examination of the sensorimotor loop at both low-level joint controllers and the high-level master controller. Originality/value It developed a control architecture emulating the functionality of the human nervous system. The experimental validations were performed on the HYDROïD. The results demonstrated 50% advancements in the update rate compared to other humanoids and 30% in the latency of the master processor and the control tasks.
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Dates and versions

hal-04606165 , version 1 (09-06-2024)

Identifiers

Cite

Subhi Jleilaty, Anas Ammounah, Ghiath Abdulmalek, Lydie Nouveliere, Hang Su, et al.. Distributed real-time control architecture for electrohydraulic humanoid robots. Robotic Intelligence and Automation, In press, ⟨10.1108/RIA-01-2024-0013⟩. ⟨hal-04606165⟩
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