Assessment of local and systemic signature of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) in children through multi-omics approaches - Université de Paris - Faculté de Santé Access content directly
Journal Articles Frontiers in Immunology Year : 2023

Assessment of local and systemic signature of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) in children through multi-omics approaches

Guillaume Lezmi
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Abstract

Background Eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE) is a chronic food allergic disorder limited to oesophageal mucosa whose pathogenesis is still only partially understood. Moreover, its diagnosis and follow-up need repeated endoscopies due to absence of non-invasive validated biomarkers. In the present study, we aimed to deeply describe local immunological and molecular components of EoE in well-phenotyped children, and to identify potential circulating EoE-biomarkers. Methods Blood and oesophageal biopsies were collected simultaneously from French children with EoE (n=17) and from control subjects (n=15). Untargeted transcriptomics analysis was performed on mRNA extracted from biopsies using microarrays. In parallel, we performed a comprehensive analysis of immune components on both cellular and soluble extracts obtained from both biopsies and blood, using flow cytometry. Finally, we performed non-targeted plasma metabolomics using liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS). Uni/multivariate supervised and non-supervised statistical analyses were then conducted to identify significant and discriminant components associated with EoE within local and/or systemic transcriptomics, immunologic and metabolomics datasets. As a proof of concept, we conducted multi-omics data integration to identify a plasmatic signature of EoE. Results French children with EoE shared the same transcriptomic signature as US patients. Network visualization of differentially expressed (DE) genes highlighted the major dysregulation of innate and adaptive immune processes, but also of pathways involved in epithelial cells and barrier functions, and in perception of chemical stimuli. Immune analysis of biopsies highlighted EoE is associated with dysregulation of both type (T) 1, T2 and T3 innate and adaptive immunity, in a highly inflammatory milieu. Although an immune signature of EoE was found in blood, untargeted metabolomics more efficiently discriminated children with EoE from control subjects, with dysregulation of vitamin B6 and various amino acids metabolisms. Multi-blocks integration suggested that an EoE plasma signature may be identified by combining metabolomics and cytokines datasets. Conclusions Our study strengthens the evidence that EoE results from alterations of the oesophageal epithelium associated with altered immune responses far beyond a simplistic T2 dysregulation. As a proof of concept, combining metabolomics and cytokines data may provide a set of potential plasma biomarkers for EoE diagnosis, which needs to be confirmed on a larger and independent cohort.
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hal-04032831 , version 1 (16-03-2023)

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Karine Adel-Patient, Florence Campeotto, Marta Grauso, Blanche Guillon, Marco Moroldo, et al.. Assessment of local and systemic signature of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) in children through multi-omics approaches. Frontiers in Immunology, 2023, 14, pp.1108895. ⟨10.3389/fimmu.2023.1108895⟩. ⟨hal-04032831⟩
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