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Conference Papers Year : 2021

Deep Kernelized Network for Fine-Grained Recognition


Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) are based on linear kernel at different levels of the network. Linear kernels are not efficient, particularly, when the original data is not linearly separable. In this paper, we focus on this issue by investigating the impact of using higher order kernels. For this purpose, we replace convolution layers with Kervolution layers proposed in [28]. Similarly, we replace fully connected layers alternatively with Kernelized Dense Layers (KDL) proposed in [16] and Kernel Support vector Machines (SVM) [1]. These kernel-based methods are more discriminative in the way that they can learn more complex patterns compared to the linear one. Those methods first maps input data to a higher space. After that, they learn a linear classifier in that space which is similar to a powerful non-linear classifier in the first space. We have used Fine-Grained datasets namely FGVC-Aircraft, StanfordCars and CVPRIndoor as well as Facial Expression Recognition (FER) datasets namely, RAF-DB, ExpW and FER2013 to evaluate the performance of these methods. The experimental results demonstrate that these methods outperform the ordinary linear layers when used in a deep network fashion.
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Dates and versions

hal-03506303 , version 1 (02-01-2022)



M. Amine Mahmoudi, Aladine Chetouani, Fatma Boufera, Hedi Tabia. Deep Kernelized Network for Fine-Grained Recognition. 28th International Conference on Neural Information Processing (ICONIP 2021), Dec 2021, Bali, Indonesia. pp.100--111, ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-92238-2_9⟩. ⟨hal-03506303⟩
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